The Recycling and Waste Management Strategy 2018 was presented to Council for discussion, and endorsement on 23 October 2018.

At the October Council Meeting, Council adopted the Recycling and Waste Management Strategy 2018-2027, noting the need to maintain ongoing engagement with the community to support the introduction of a Food Organics Green Organics (FOGO) kerbside collection service in 2019/20.

The full engagement summary has been included in the document library. The minutes from the meeting are available on Council's Website.

Consultation on Draft Strategy closed on 12 October 2018.

Council is finalising a Draft Recycling and Waste Strategy to address the challenge of how we reduce and manage Bayside’s household waste over the next ten years. The draft Strategy was developed following community engagement with more than 1,800 residents earlier this year.

What we've heard from the community

  • 75% of respondents said they would be happy to their food waste in a green organics bin, even if it was only collected fortnightly.
  • 68% supported a change to fortnightly collection for the garbage bin and weekly collection of the food organic/garden organic (FOGO) bin when the collection contracts expire in 2022/23
  • 71% indicated a preference for Council to provide a kitchen mini bin or ‘caddy’ to enable food waste to be separated from other household waste 'at the source' (in the kitchen)
  • 75% want to use compostable bags or liners for food waste, but only 45% expected Council to provide bin liners with 30% indicating they would purchase their own
  • Strong support for recycling items currently collected as hard waste.

A detailed summary of the feedback received is available here

Proposed Waste Service Changes

The key service changes identified in the draft strategy are:

  • Introduction of food organics/garden organics recycling (FOGO) service via the current green garden waste bin collection from 1 July 2019
  • A green garden waste bin will be provided to all households who have not already paid for the green waste bin service for a one-off $100.20* charge
  • Optional mini bins/caddies will be available from Council at no charge. Council is not proposing to supply compostable bags
  • Changes to bin collection frequency in 2022/23 - garbage bin collection switches to fortnightly and FOGO to weekly
  • Expansion of the Tip Shop at the Talinga Road Waste & Transfer Centre
  • Future investigation and community consultation on a user-pays service for the hard rubbish collection.

* The charge of $100.20 relates to the 2018/19 financial year. A fee increase of 2.25% is anticipated for 2019/20 to be confirmed as part of Council's budget.

Background Information

Dealing with waste is one of the biggest challenges faced by councils and communities across Australia – how to refuse, reduce, reuse and recycle rather than burying our rubbish in landfill.

We are seeking community feedback on a range of issues to inform the development of a new plan to improve Bayside’s recycling and reduce waste into the future.

We are developing a Recycling and Waste Management Strategy to guide Council services and education programs.

The aim of the strategy will be to increase recycling and reduce the amount of waste Bayside produces and sends to landfill.

Our target is to reduce the amount of waste Bayside sends to landfill by 60% in 2020 and 75% by 2025.

Why Waste Matters

Council collects more than 45,000 tonnes of waste and recycling material every year. 22,000 tonnes is recyclable plastics, paper, glass, metals and garden materials. The remaining 23,000 tonnes goes into landfill.

Sending waste to landfill costs us financially as well as environmentally.

Victoria’s landfill sites are literally filling up and state government landfill charges are increasing. These costs are passed on to Bayside ratepayers directly via the Waste Service Charge on rates notices.

The environmental cost is increasing too. Discarded food breaking down in landfill produces methane, a potent greenhouse gas more damaging than CO2 that contributes to climate change. Landfill waste can also potentially contaminate land, groundwater and freshwater streams.

Food Waste

Almost 50% of the waste Bayside households send to landfill is food waste. Approximately 10% of this is unopened food, still in its packaging!

And Bayside households throw away 14% more food than other Victorians – adding up to a significant cost.

Reducing and recycling food waste represents a significant opportunity to cut the amount of waste we send to landfill.

Council is proposing to include food waste into our current garden waste bin. Food such as vegetable/fruit scraps, bread, pasta, cereal, rice, soft meat, dairy, egg shells etc could be included.

Many of these items can be composted. If you already compost, keep going! You will be able to use food waste recycling for non compostable items - oranges, meat, bread etc.

We want to understand community views on food waste recycling service to use in our planning.

Hard Waste

Bayside households can book up to two hard waste collections per calendar year – additional collections are available for a fee. In 2017, 18,948 hard waste bookings were made by Bayside’s 40,000 households.

Bayside adopted an on-demand hard waste booking service in 2014. Customer Satisfaction Research in 2018 highlighted a high degree of community satisfaction with the service. There are no plans to change the on-demand nature of the service.

Annually, Bayside’s hard waste collection includes:

  • 2,137 tonnes of general waste sent to landfill
  • 297 tonnes of e-waste sent to e-waste recycling processors
  • 7,860 mattresses sent to mattress recyclers
  • 5,500 bookings for bundled branches and prunings which is recycled into organic mulch for Victorian agriculture

Household furniture such as couches, wooden items, toys, carpet, soft furnishing timber, household tools/equipment cannot be recycled by Council’s hard waste contractors and end up in landfill after collection.

We want to understand community views on how to reduce the amount of hard waste going to landfill.


The recycling industry internationally is experiencing significant change.

While recyclables from Bayside households are continuing to be processed by our contractors, the cost of recycling has dramatically increased.

Waste charges are set on a cost recovery basis. Whereas Bayside previously received $500,000 per annum from recycling, Council has faced cost of $1.7 million for 2018/2019. This has resulted in a one-off increase of 40% in the Waste Service Levy for 2018/2019.

Bayside households produce 22,000 tonnes of recyclable plastics, paper, glass, metals and garden materials each year.

While recycling materials rather than sending them to landfill is an important element of our waste processing, the manufacture and recycling process still uses a great deal of energy. Wherever we can, we must reduce our use of packaging, plastics and other single use materials.


Council advocates on waste and recycling issues with other levels of government and agencies on behalf of the Bayside community.

This includes partnering with other Councils to develop regional solutions for the recycling and waste reduction/recovery using new technology.

This includes recovering resources such as heat, electricity, fuels (solid, liquid, gas) and recyclable residues rather than burning or burying waste.

Bayside City Council is a member of the Metropolitan Waste Resource Recovery Group which provides opportunities for Bayside to participate in future new technology regional solutions to diverting our waste from landfill.

Council also advocates on behalf of the Bayside community on recycling and waste issues.
We have lobbied the State government on issues such as a ban on single use plastic bags, funding to support the development of new recycling technology via the state Government’s Sustainability