Following feedback received from the community on the proposed location for a new public toilet at Black Rock foreshore, we paused the project and reviewed the decision.

We commissioned an independent report to explore alternative locations. Read the Black Rock Foreshore Public Toilet Independent Report.

In selecting a suitable location for a new public toilet in this location, the following important factors need to be considered:

  • close to public amenities (picnic area, playground, shared path, coastal trail and beach)
  • highly visible for safety (CPTED)* and accessibility
  • has access to underground infrastructure
  • is sympathetic to environmental and cultural heritage concerns
  • uses an existing path to aid access for people with mobility issues or parents with prams
  • does not obstruct views to the bay.

The independent report recommends Option B and community was sough on this location and the other options in the report, with consultation closing on 23 December 2020

For more information about the new Black Rock Life Saving Club (BRLSC), please visit the BRLSC project page on our website. Please note that no public toilet or changeroom facilities are included in the new BRLSC building.

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design or CPTED is an approach to crime prevention that takes into account the relationship between the physical environment and the users of that environment. We all recognise when the space we are in sends us a message about safety, "this is a safe place" or danger, "this is an unsafe place". The theory behind CPTED is that the design of a physical environment can produce behavioural effects that will reduce both the incidence and fear of crime. These behavioural effects can be accomplished by reducing the susceptibility of the environment to support criminal behaviour. (Victoria Police, June 2015)

There are three basic strategies in CPTED:

  • natural surveillance
  • natural access control
  • territorial reinforcement

  • Natural Surveillance

    Natural surveillance is a design concept that aims to keep potential offenders and

    intruders under observation through the creation of environments where there is

    sufficient opportunity for people engaged in their normal behaviour to observe the

    space around them. The underlying principle is that a person is less likely to commit

    a crime if they think someone will see them do it.

    Natural access control

    The design concept of access control is directed primarily at decreasing criminal

    accessibility. Natural access control restricts criminal intrusion, in particular into

    areas where they will not be easily observed. The goal with this principle is not

    necessarily to keep intruders out but to direct the flow of other people through the

    area to decrease the opportunity for crime.

    Territorial reinforcement

    Territorial reinforcement is a design concept that clearly delineates private space from semipublic and public spaces and also creates a sense of ownership. When there is a sense of ownership within a space, strangers and intruders stand out and are more easily identified.

    Extensive consultation was undertaken as part of the Black Rock Masterplan in 2016. Re-location and re-building of the toilet was part of that consultation. A number of locations were considered and ruled out because of community feedback.

    There was also further information provided during the Black Rock Streetscape consultation in 2019 that including images, on site signage and a drop-in session.

    Many factors need to be taken into account including: Crime Prevention Though Environmental Design (CPTED); local sightlines; below ground services and infrastructure; cultural heritage and proximity to local amenities (picnic area, playground, shared path, coastal trail and beach access).

    An independent report was commissioned to determine the best location for the toilet as part of the masterplanning process and a review of this initial report was recently undertaken after feedback on the initial proposed location was received in October 2020.

    We paused the project to consider the community feedback, reconsidered the location and now put forward this new proposal for community comment.

    Read more about the Black Rock Foreshore Masterplan.

    Read more about the history of this project.

    The current design is the seventh generation of the standard Bayside public toilet and will be similar to the toilet on the foreshore at Sandringham, opposite Southey Street. The design includes one all abilities unisex cubicle, one ambulant unisex cubicle and a small cleaner’s room (some sites may have two ambulant unisex cubicles). The bright entry door colors are chosen to provide a contrast for people who are vision impaired. The design is bright, modern and attractive with good levels of natural light and ventilation. The design uses some recycled cladding, energy efficient solar lighting (where possible), and is cost effective to build, clean and maintain.


    Location options for the new toilet at Black Rock foreshore.

    Map of Black Rock Foreshore showing options for location of public toilet
    Option D
    Option C
    Option A
    Option B
    Life Saving Club
    Playground

    Click on the flashing coloured toilet icons to read a summary of information about each site. You can read detailed information about each option in the independent consultant's report.

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